Belfast: The Vibrant Gateway to the Causeway Coast Adventure

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Exploring Belfast in 2023: Top Attractions & Places to Visit

Welcome to Belfast, a captivating city with history, culture, and unforgettable experiences. From its rich industrial past to its lively arts and culinary scenes, Belfast offers a unique blend of old-world charm and modern innovation that will leave you wanting more. In this blog post, we’ll guide you through Belfast’s best attractions, neighbourhoods, and tastes, all while keeping sustainability in mind. So, let’s dive in and explore all this vibrant city offers!

Key Takeaways

  • Explore Belfast’s rich history, vibrant neighbourhoods & iconic attractions
  • Enjoy the city’s delicious food and drink scene, from traditional Irish cuisine to Michelin-starred restaurants
  • Experience sustainable tourism with a range of events & festivals for all budgets

Discovering Belfast’s Rich History

belfast, ireland, city
Photo by WikiImages on Pixabay

As the capital city of Northern Ireland, Belfast boasts a fascinating history that stretches back millennia. From its early Bronze and Iron Age settlements to its role in the Industrial Revolution, northern Ireland’s capital city has seen its fair share of triumph and turmoil. The Troubles, a period of civil conflict in the 20th century, has left a lasting impact on Belfast’s modern identity.

Yet, the city’s storied past has paved the way for a bright future, with impressive developments and a thriving tourism industry in the months ahead.

Early Settlements and Growth

The Neolithic megalith dolmen--an ancient portal tomb--and massive earthworks at Giant's Ring with Cave Hill in the background (Sep., 2021). You can read more about the Giant's Ring here:
Giants Ring, Cave Hill Belfast – Photo by K. Mitch Hodge on Unsplash

Belfast’s earliest history can be traced back to the Bronze Age, with the incredible Giant’s Ring, a 5,000-year-old henge near the city. The remains of awe-inspiring Iron Age hill forts are still visible in the surrounding hills. The River Lagan has played a significant role in the city’s development, providing a natural resource for trade and industry.

The city in the North of Ireland experienced rapid growth during the 19th century, driven by the flourishing linen trade and successful ship-building industries. At one point, Belfast was the world’s leading producer of linen, and its shipbuilding industry was renowned for constructing the Titanic. This industrial boom transformed the city and laid the groundwork for the developments that would take place in the months and years ahead.

The Troubles

The Troubles, a period of civil unrest that ultimately brought the Catholic and Protestant populations closer together, had a profound impact on Belfast. The most significant event during this time was Bloody Friday, when the Provisional IRA detonated 22 bombs within the city centre, resulting in nine lives lost. While the Troubles left a lasting mark on the city, Belfast has emerged stronger and more united.

One of the lasting legacies of the Troubles is the presence of peace lines, physical barriers that promote peaceful co-existence between loyalist and republican districts. These peace lines foster understanding between communities and serve as a reminder of the city’s turbulent past, showcasing the resilience and determination of Belfast’s residents.

Getting Around Belfast

Navigating Belfast is a breeze, with various transportation options at your fingertips. Whether you prefer exploring on foot with walking tours, utilizing the convenience of public transport, or renting a bicycle to traverse the city at your own pace, Belfast has something for everyone.

Now, let’s explore this captivating city’s various transportation options, giving you a new lease on experiencing its charm.

Walking Tours

Joining a walking tour provides a prime opportunity to delve into Belfast’s charm. Delightful walking tours of the city’s historical sites, attractions, and neighbourhoods offer an intimate and immersive experience of Belfast’s rich history and culture. Top-rated walking tours include:

  • The Best of Belfast Highlights Tour
  • Belfast Political Tour-Conflicting Stories Walking Tour
  • A History of Terror – Belfast
  • Belfast Free Walking Tour

Each tour offers a unique perspective and itinerary.

Walking tours typically:

  • Last between 2 to 4 hours
  • Range in price from as little as £4 to £69, depending on the tour and duration
  • Some tours are free, making them an affordable and engaging option for visitors of all budgets.

So, lace up your walking shoes and discover Belfast’s top attractions on foot.

Public Transport

For those who favor the use of public transport, Belfast doesn’t disappoint. The city offers excellent public transport options, including buses and trains operated by Translink. The main transport hub is the convenient Europa bus station, which provides easy access to various attractions and neighborhoods.

Buses and trains run regularly throughout the week, making it simple to plan your travels. A single adult bus ride within Belfast city center costs a reasonable £1.60, ensuring that public transport remains affordable for visitors.

Bicycle Rentals

If you relish the liberty of self-paced exploration, consider renting a bicycle. Belfast offers several bicycle rental companies, including Belfast Bikes from Nextbike, which provides affordable and convenient rentals.

Belfast Bikes offers a range of rental options, with prices starting as low as £0.50 for a one-hour rental and various membership options available for longer stays. With bicycle rentals readily available, you can easily explore Belfast’s diverse neighborhoods and attractions while enjoying a sustainable and active travel experience.

Must-Visit Attractions

fish, work of art, belfast
Photo by Ben_Kerckx on Pixabay

Belfast abounds with top visitor attractions, revealing its vibrant history, culture, and innovation. During your visit, be sure to explore iconic sites such as Titanic Belfast, Ulster Museum and Botanic Gardens, and Belfast City Hall.

These landmarks provide memorable experiences and enrich your understanding of Belfast’s distinctive narrative.

Titanic Belfast

titanic, titanic quarter, museum
Photo by ambquinn on Pixabay

Titanic Belfast is a world-class visitor attraction that celebrates the story of the Titanic, the most famous ship in history. This interactive museum takes you on a journey through the construction, launch, and tragic maiden voyage of the iconic ship. Titanic Belfast offers nine immersive galleries that bring the Titanic’s story to life, providing a captivating experience for visitors of all ages.

Located in the heart of the Titanic Quarter, the museum is easily accessible by walking from Belfast City Centre or via public transport. The Titanic Belfast visitor experience is an essential stop during your trip to Belfast, providing a fascinating look at the city’s rich maritime history.

Ulster Museum and Botanic Gardens

belfast, botanical, capital
Photo by LeeOsborne on Pixabay

The Ulster Museum and Botanic Gardens is a wonderful destination for art, history, and nature enthusiasts alike. The museum boasts a diverse range of exhibits, including:

  • Ancient artifacts
  • Contemporary art
  • Natural history displays
  • Local history exhibitions

This ensures there’s something for everyone to enjoy, making it an integral part of the experience.

After exploring the museum, step outside and take a leisurely stroll through the beautiful Botanic Gardens, located near Great Victoria Street. Designed in the 19th century, the gardens feature a Victorian Palm House and a recently-restored Tropical Ravine, as well as a playground and bowling green nestled among 150-year-old ferns. The lush, tranquil setting of the Botanic Gardens provides the perfect escape from the bustling city.

Belfast City Hall

Belfast City Hall

Another must-visit attraction is Belfast City Hall, a stunning architectural gem located in the heart of the city. This beautiful Baroque Revival building offers free public tours, allowing you to explore its magnificent interiors, including:

  • The Council Chamber
  • The Great Hall
  • Its collection of memorials
  • Stunning stained glass windows

Don’t miss the Titanic Memorial Garden, located within the City Hall grounds, which honors the lives lost during the tragic sinking of the Titanic. A visit to Belfast City Hall provides a fascinating glimpse into the city’s civic life and history.

A Taste of Belfast: Food and Drink Scene

Breakfast in Belfast with hubby.
Photo by Toa Heftiba on Unsplash

Belfast’s vibrant culinary landscape is a smorgasbord of delights, featuring bustling markets, traditional Irish fare, and Michelin-starred establishments. Whether you’re looking for a quick bite or a fine dining experience, you’ll find something to satisfy your taste buds in this lively city.

St. George’s Market

One of the city’s oldest and most beloved attractions, St. George’s Market is a vibrant hub of activity where over 150 traders sell everything from antiques to fresh seafood and local delicacies. Open on Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays, the market offers a unique shopping experience and a chance to sample some of the best local produce Belfast has to offer.

In addition to its fresh food offerings, St. George’s Market also features unique antiques and items, such as vintage and antique jewelry, bridal vintage jewelry, and other vintage items at Norma Jean Vintage, one of the market’s traders. Be sure to stop by this bustling market for a taste of authentic Belfast life.

Traditional Irish Food

Sample traditional Irish food with a modern twist at various eateries throughout Belfast. From hearty dishes like colcannon and Irish stew to the humble soda bread, you’ll find a delightful fusion of traditional Irish flavors and contemporary culinary techniques. Belfast’s chefs are reimagining classic dishes while staying true to their roots, showcasing the city’s culinary excellence.

For a taste of traditional Irish fare, visit Holohans Pantry, Darcy’s Belfast, and The Coffee House Bistro, which are renowned for serving authentic Irish dishes. Indulge in the comforting flavors of the Emerald Isle as you explore Belfast’s dynamic food scene.

Michelin-Starred Restaurants

For a truly unforgettable dining experience, treat yourself to a meal at one of Belfast’s Michelin-starred restaurants, such as OX, EIPIC, and The Muddlers Club. These esteemed establishments showcase the city’s culinary prowess, offering innovative dishes prepared with the finest local ingredients.

From scallops with cauliflower and truffle at EIPIC to pork belly with black pudding and apple at The Muddlers Club, these Michelin-starred restaurants provide a taste of Belfast’s finest cuisine. Be sure to book a table during your visit for an unforgettable gastronomic experience.

Exploring Belfast’s Neighbourhoods

A view of the Cathedral Quarter, a vibrant neighbourhood in Belfast

Belfast comprises diverse neighborhoods, each radiating its own unique allure and character. From the artsy Cathedral Quarter to the revitalized Titanic Quarter and East Belfast, and the historically significant South and West Belfast, there are plenty of areas to explore during your visit.

Roam these lively districts to uncover the treasures they encompass, including the vibrant Waring Street.

Cathedral Quarter

The Cathedral Quarter, located in the heart of Belfast, is a thriving hub of arts and culture. Home to galleries, theaters, and lively pubs, this neighborhood offers a taste of the city’s creative spirit. Notable galleries in the area include The MAC, Culturlann MacAdam O Fiaich, and Golden Thread Gallery, while iconic theaters such as the Grand Opera House and the Lyric Theatre showcase the best of Belfast’s performing arts scene.

After a day of exploring the area’s cultural attractions, unwind in one of the Cathedral Quarter’s many popular pubs and bars, such as McHugh’s, The Dirty Onion, and The Spaniard. The Cathedral Quarter is the perfect place to experience Belfast’s vibrant arts scene and enjoy a night out on the town.

Titanic Quarter and East Belfast

The Titanic Quarter and East Belfast have undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years, thanks to the opening of the Titanic Exhibition and the redevelopment of the surrounding area. This once-industrial area now boasts modern attractions, residential spaces, and a thriving waterfront district.

In addition to the iconic Titanic Belfast museum, the Titanic Quarter is home to attractions such as HMS Caroline, Titanic Slipways, and the Samson & Goliath Cranes. As you explore this revitalized neighborhood, you’ll discover a vibrant mix of history and innovation that showcases the city’s ongoing growth and development.

South and West Belfast

South and West Belfast offer unique insights into the city’s past, shaped by the Troubles and the resilience of its residents. These historically significant neighborhoods provide an opportunity to delve deeper into Belfast’s history and understand the impact of the Troubles on the city’s communities.

In South and West Belfast, you can find:

  • Knowledgeable local guides
  • Inspiring street art
  • Fascinating tours of communities and landmarks
  • The remarkable Clifton House

As you explore these neighborhoods, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of Belfast’s past and the enduring spirit of its people.

Sustainable Tourism in Belfast

A view of a sustainable tourism sign in Belfast

Committed to sustainability, Belfast urges visitors to adopt environmentally-friendly practices during their visit. By visiting green attractions, staying in eco-friendly accommodations, and supporting local businesses, you can help contribute to Belfast’s efforts to promote sustainable tourism.

Throughout the city, you’ll find numerous Green Tourism accredited attractions, hotels, and restaurants, as well as initiatives aimed at reducing carbon emissions and promoting a climate-resilient economy. By choosing to engage in sustainable tourism, you not only help preserve Belfast’s natural and cultural heritage but also contribute to a brighter future for the city and its residents.

Events and Festivals

A view of people enjoying a festival in Belfast

Known for its celebrations, Belfast boasts a lively calendar of events and festivals highlighting its vibrant culture, music, and arts scene. From the annual St. Patrick’s Day celebration to the Cathedral Quarter Arts Festival and the Belfast Film Festival, there’s always something happening in this vibrant city.

No matter when you visit, be sure to check out the local events and festivals during your stay. Not only do these events provide a unique insight into Belfast’s cultural landscape, but they also offer an opportunity to connect with locals and fellow travelers alike. Some of the events and festivals you can enjoy include:

  • Live music performances
  • Captivating theatrical performances
  • Art exhibitions and galleries
  • Food and drink festivals
  • Cultural celebrations and parades

Immerse yourself in Belfast’s lively events and festivals for unforgettable experiences.

Accommodation Options

A view of a hotel in Belfast

Catering to all travelers, Belfast provides a diverse range of accommodation options fitting various needs and budgets. From luxury hotels and boutique stays to budget-friendly hostels and guesthouses, you’ll find the perfect place to rest and recharge after a day of exploring the city.

Whether you prefer the opulence of the Titanic Hotel and Europa Hotel or the wallet-friendly Belfast International Youth Hostel and Belfast City Backpackers, there’s a place for everyone in this dynamic city. No matter where you choose to stay, you’ll be within easy reach of Belfast’s top attractions and experiences.


From its rich history and vibrant neighborhoods to its thriving food and drink scene, Belfast has something for everyone. As you explore the city’s attractions, indulge in its culinary delights, and immerse yourself in its lively events and festivals, you’ll discover the unique charm that makes Belfast such an unforgettable destination.

We hope this guide has inspired you to embark on your own Belfast adventure. As you delve into the city’s past, savor its tastes, and connect with its people, you’ll not only create lasting memories but also contribute to a sustainable future for this captivating city. So pack your bags, and set your sights on Belfast – a city just waiting to be explored.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Belfast considered Ireland or UK?

Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. It is located in the northeastern quadrant of the island of Ireland and is not part of the Republic of Ireland. As such, Belfast is considered to be part of the UK.

How many days do I need in Belfast?

With 2 full days, you’ll be able to experience the best of Belfast. Plus, the city centre has many reasonable hotels and is flat, making it easy to explore on foot.

Should I go to Belfast or Dublin?

If you’re looking for a more international experience with better transport connections, Dublin is the best choice. However, if you’re hoping to explore a cheaper, more traditional city with an abundance of history to uncover, then Belfast is the place for you!

Is Belfast a cheap city?

With living costs around 37% lower than London, Belfast can be considered a relatively cheap city. A single individual can enjoy monthly expenses of about £660.50 in late 2022, excluding rent.

What are the best ways to get around Belfast?

Exploring Belfast is a breeze with convenient walking tours, public transport, and bicycle rentals. Making the most of your time here is an easy choice!

About the author

Originally from Scotland, Colin now resides near the beautiful seaside town of Portstewart on the Causeway Coastal Route. By day he works in IT and by day off he spends much of his time travelling around the Island with his young family, writing about his experiences for many sites both locally and nationally.