Discover Belfast Murals: A Visual Journey Through Northern Ireland’s History

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The vibrant streets of Belfast, Northern Ireland, narrate a powerful story through their thought-provoking Belfast murals. These captivating artworks reflect the city’s tumultuous history and provide a glimpse into its cultural soul. As you embark on a visual journey through Belfast’s murals, you will be immersed in a world of political messages, revolutionary icons, and solidarity expressions that span centuries and continents.

Key Takeaways

  • Explore Belfast’s murals, a vivid testimony to the city’s history and context of conflict.

  • Honour legacies of struggle & courage with memorials to Irish hunger strikers and modern martyrs.

  • Appreciate art that transcends geographical boundaries, advocating unity & progress for peace & reconciliation.

Exploring the Canvas of Conflict: Belfast’s Political Murals

Bobby Sands Mural, Belfast

Working-class areas of Northern Ireland, predominantly in Belfast and Derry, are adorned with political murals that significantly influence their urban landscapes. These artworks serve as a powerful medium to convey ideas and messages, often reflecting the values of the communities they inhabit. With an estimated 300 high-quality murals on display in Belfast, these artistic expressions have gained international recognition for their ability to illustrate the city’s history and the importance of these artworks in Northern Ireland’s conflict.

The conflict centred around the partition of Northern Ireland and its British control, sparking tensions between nationalist and unionist citizens that at times resembled a civil war. During this period, paramilitary groups emerged, such as the Republicans who wanted Northern Ireland to be united with the Republic of Ireland and the loyalists who desired it to remain part of the United Kingdom. The late 1970s saw the emergence of Irish Republican mural paintings, among which the Nelson Mandela mural stands out in Belfast, drawing parallels between the Nationalist cause and South Africa’s anti-apartheid struggle.

These murals not only commemorate important events, figures, or ideas in Northern Ireland’s history but also provoke contemplation regarding the political and religious divisions that have shaped the region. Following the 1998 Good Friday Agreement that marked the end of the conflict in Northern Ireland, these murals have assumed an increasingly significant role in fostering dialogue and mutual understanding among communities.

The Heartbeat of History: Murals on Falls Road

Mural on Falls Road depicting hunger strikers and revolutionary figures

Along the Falls Road, a predominantly Nationalist area in Belfast, murals serve as a vivid testament to the struggles and aspirations of the local community. These murals explore themes such as global solidarity, with some depicting support for Palestinian liberation and Basque freedom. Each mural echoes history’s heartbeat, providing a visual narrative and an emotional connection to the region’s past.

Prominent themes in the Falls Road murals include hunger strikers’ enduring legacy and revolutionary figures’ portrayals. These powerful images serve as a constant reminder of the sacrifices made by individuals who have fought for freedom and justice in Northern Ireland.

The Legacy of Hunger Strikers

Among the murals on Falls Road, the renowned Bobby Sands mural stands out as a potent symbol of the Republican movement. Bobby Sands, an IRA volunteer, died in prison on hunger strike in 1981, and his mural, located on the side wall of Sinn Féin’s Falls Road office, is widely recognized. The depiction of Bobby Sands and other murals dedicated to the Irish hunger strikers serves as a stark reminder of the struggle for freedom and justice in Northern Ireland.

These murals commemorate the sacrifices made by those who fought for a brighter future, giving voice to their courage and determination. As visitors stand before the images of these hunger strikers, they are transported back in time, bearing witness to the pain and suffering endured by these brave individuals and gaining a deeper understanding of the complexities of Northern Ireland’s history.

Portraits of Revolution: Depictions of Historical Figures

Beyond murals of hunger strikers, Falls Road hosts an array of art pieces depicting historical figures like James Connolly and Nelson Mandela. These murals are a meaningful way to remember and recognize their efforts to pursue freedom and justice. The Nelson Mandela mural, in particular, illustrates the similarities between the Nationalist cause in Northern Ireland and Mandela’s anti-apartheid movement in South Africa, embodying peace and stability in the wake of conflict.

James Connolly, a Socialist, trade union leader and Irish Republican, is remembered through a remarkable mural. He was one of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising. This solemn tribute commemorates his contributions to the Irish Nationalist movement, inspiring future generations. As visitors take in these striking images of revolutionary figures, they gain a deeper appreciation of the historical context in which these individuals fought for their ideals.

Shankill Road: Loyalist Mural Masterpieces

Loyalist mural on Shankill Road portraying triumph and martyrdom

Shankill Road, a largely unionist area of Belfast, features a notable collection of Loyalist murals visually expressing the pride and commemorations of the Loyalist communities. These murals depict Loyalist heroes, symbols of Unionism, and memorials to victims of The Troubles, representing themes of triumph and martyrdom. As visitors explore Shankill Road’s murals, they gain insight into the Loyalist perspective and its impact on the city’s cultural fabric.

Two prominent themes emerge within these Loyalist mural masterpieces: King William’s triumph and the commemoration of modern martyrs. Both themes offer a glimpse into the Loyalist experience and the ongoing challenges faced by the Protestant communities in Northern Ireland.

King William’s Triumph

One of the most iconic Loyalist murals is the tribute to King William III, also known as William of Orange or ‘King Billy’ in Scotland and Northern Ireland. This Protestant ruler engaged in wars against Catholic rulers in the 17th century, most notably the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, commemorated annually by Unionist communities and holds significance for the British Army.

The King William mural vividly demonstrates the Protestant community’s historical roots and continual quest for identity and recognition in Northern Ireland.

Memorials to Modern Martyrs

Shankill Road presents murals honouring modern Loyalist martyrs like Stevie McKeag and Jackie Coulter, along with the King William mural. These solemn tributes portray the human cost of the ongoing conflict, shedding light on the experiences of those who have suffered as a result of the violence and divisions in Northern Ireland.

Jackie Coulter, a Loyalist and member of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), was tragically killed by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) in 2000. The mural dedicated to him serves as a poignant reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for their beliefs and the continuing struggle for peace and unity in Northern Ireland.

Beyond Division: Non-Sectarian and Peace Murals

Non-sectarian and peace murals promoting unity in Belfast

Intermingled with Belfast’s political murals are non-sectarian and peace murals advocating unity and progress. These murals aim to bridge the divide between communities, offering a vision of hope and healing in the face of adversity. As visitors explore these murals, they are reminded of the potential for reconciliation and art’s power to unite people.

One such mural is the Progress Mural, representing various Northern Ireland communities, all facing the Parliament Buildings at Stormont. This symbolizes a journey towards peace and a brighter future for all. As Belfast continues to evolve, these non-sectarian and peace murals will undoubtedly play a crucial role in fostering understanding and dialogue between communities.

Artistic Expressions of Solidarity

Murals in Belfast also convey solidarity with international causes, including the Palestinian struggle and the anti-apartheid movement. These murals serve as a testament to the interconnectedness of global struggles and the power of art to transcend borders and promote unity. Visitors take in these artistic expressions of solidarity and are reminded of the shared aspirations for freedom and justice that unite people worldwide.

The Nelson Mandela mural, for instance, connects the Nationalist cause in Northern Ireland with South Africa’s anti-apartheid struggle. This mural is a powerful reminder that pursuing freedom, equality, and justice is a universal aspiration, transcending geographical and cultural boundaries. Belfast joins the voices calling for a more just and equitable world through these murals.

Cultural Celebrations in Color: Non-Political Murals

Colorful non-political mural celebrating culture and local heroes in Belfast

Apart from political and solidarity murals, Belfast features a range of non-political murals celebrating culture, sports, and local heroes such as George Best. These murals showcase the rich tapestry of Belfast’s cultural landscape and offer a colourful and uplifting counterpoint to the more sombre and politically charged murals found throughout the city.

For instance, the Belfast Linen Workers mural pays tribute to the city’s industrial past, while the Tribute to RMS Titanic mural commemorates the ill-fated ship built in Belfast. These non-political murals serve as a reminder of the city’s diverse history and the many stories that have shaped its unique identity.

Guided Tours: Immersing in the Mural Experience

Guided tours are offered for those seeking a comprehensive experience of Belfast’s murals. These tours provide an in-depth look into the history and significance of the renowned murals of Northern Ireland, engaging visitors with the stories and emotions conveyed through art.

Belfast Mural Guide Estimated Routes

The Belfast Mural Guide Estimated Routes provides suggested routes for viewing Belfast’s murals, simplifying the process for visitors to navigate the city and find these significant art pieces. With principal landmarks such as:

  • James Connolly Mural

  • Pearse Jordan’s Mural

  • Bobby Sands Mural

  • King Billy Mural

  • Gaelic Athletic Association

  • Failte Feirste

Visitors can follow the guide and take in Belfast’s murals’ breathtaking history and artistry.

Recreate Murals with Local Artists

Opportunities are available for those interested in engaging with local artists and recreating murals during their tour. Collaborating with local artists such as:

  • Mark Ervine

  • Danny Devenny

  • Terry Bradley

  • Friz

  • Ray Bonner

Visitors can participate in mural recreation and contribute to Belfast’s vibrant artistic landscape.

By immersing themselves in the mural’s depiction of the creation process, visitors can gain a deeper understanding of the city’s history, culture, and the power of art to communicate and inspire as the mural depicts significant moments and figures.

Navigating the Streets: A Map of Belfast’s Murals

The source section provides a map of Belfast’s murals, which assists visitors in navigating the city and locating the murals. This map, along with the Belfast Mural Guide Estimated Routes, allows visitors to explore the city’s murals in a self-guided and immersive manner.

As they navigate the streets of Belfast, visitors will be struck by the powerful visual narratives that adorn the city, each telling a unique story of struggle, hope, and resilience. This is especially true when exploring the vibrant murals in east Belfast and those in west Belfast.

The Evolution of Belfast’s Murals

Belfast’s murals have evolved to mirror societal and political changes, visually chronicling the city’s transformation. From the earliest murals commemorating traditional aspects of Protestant culture to those illustrating the ongoing struggle between Nationalists and Unionists, these artworks have adapted to mirror the shifting landscape of Northern Ireland.

In recent years, the Peace Process has significantly impacted the murals, resulting in a shift in their themes and messages. Many murals now focus on promoting peace, reconciliation, and unity, reflecting the desire for a peaceful future in Northern Ireland. These murals, along with the non-sectarian and peace murals, serve as a testament to the power of art to heal divisions and foster understanding between communities.

Reflecting on the Past, Present, and Future

Reflecting on Belfast’s past, present, and future murals reveals the pivotal role these artworks play in shaping the city’s cultural landscape. They provide a vivid chronicle of Belfast’s history and ongoing struggles and serve as identity markers that delineate psychological boundaries between communities. In this way, the murals contribute to a visible conversation among communities and recognize the interconnectedness of global struggles.

The murals will continue to evolve, mirroring the city’s progress towards peace and unity. As the city enters a new era of hope and reconciliation, the murals will remain integral to Belfast’s cultural fabric, offering a distinctive insight into the city’s past, present, and future.


In conclusion, Belfast’s murals are a testament to the city’s rich history and the power of art to communicate, inspire, and heal. As visitors explore these captivating artworks, they are immersed in a world of political messages, revolutionary icons, and solidarity expressions that span centuries and continents. As the city continues to evolve and strive for peace, the murals will remain essential to Belfast’s cultural landscape, providing a colourful and thought-provoking window into the city’s past, present, and future.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the most famous mural in Belfast?

The most famous mural in Belfast is the Bobby Sands mural located on Falls Road in west Belfast. It depicts Bobby Sands, a prominent figure during the Troubles and the first prisoner to die on a hunger strike for the Irish Republican cause. Close behind in fame is the collection of Irish Republican and international-themed murals known as ‘The International Wall’.

Where can I see Belfast murals?

You can easily walk to the main Peace Wall in Belfast from the city centre, where you can loop around and see the murals on each side. This provides an excellent opportunity to experience the different communities separated by the wall and get a sense of the local culture.

Why are the murals in Belfast important?

The murals in Belfast are important symbols that commemorate the Troubles, memorialize victims of violence and celebrate Irish culture and values. They serve as a physical reminder of the past political and religious divisions in Northern Ireland and reflect its changing landscape.

What is the summer of 69 mural in Belfast?

The Summer of 69 mural in Belfast is a Loyalist mural depicting the devastation caused by the Troubles conflict, which began in 1969. It serves as a reminder of the ethno-nationalist conflict that lasted approximately 30 years.

Can you walk the murals in Belfast?

Yes, you can walk the murals in Belfast, although a local guide to explain the history and stories behind each one is highly recommended. Several tours are available, including a popular 3-hour walking tour or a private one.

About the author

Originally from Scotland, Colin now resides near the beautiful seaside town of Portstewart on the Causeway Coastal Route. By day he works in IT and by day off he spends much of his time travelling around the Island with his young family, writing about his experiences for many sites both locally and nationally.